Arthritis, being the number one illness that causes physical disability around the world, can inflict so much damage not just in the physical aspect of an individual but most especially on the social and emotional problems.
The most painful type of arthritis can cause serious pain and can really disable an individual. This form of disease is known as RA or rheumatoid arthritis. This article will go deeper to the causes of this disabling disease, its diagnosis and some of its effective treatments.
RA is an autoimmune disease, which means that, it is a disease in which our body’s own antibody system attacks its own healthy and normal tissues.
In the case of rheumatoid arthritis, the immune system attacks the synovium. Synovium or synovial fluids is a clear viscous fluid that lubricates the lining of the tendons and joints.
If attacked and beaten by the body’s immune system, this can cause widespread inflammation and severe joint pain, which can really restrict and limit an individual’s mobility.
The common medications prescribed by doctor for specific types of arthritis are NSAIDs or Nonsteroidial Anti-inflmmatory Drugs and Corticosteroids or Immunosuppressant drugs.
Aside from medication and therapy treatments, the most effective way to treat this disease if course, changing bad habits into a good and healthy lifestyle.
Drugs are used to manage the pain caused by the swelling in the affected area of RA, however, it is sad to say that, there has been no cure for this disease yet. Doctors and scientists believe that there are no single drugs that will make the disease disappear for good as we all have different immune systems. Also, the factors that contribute to this illness vary from case to case.
The function of the drug in human body is just to reduce inflammation, preserve movement, and to prevent further damage in the ligaments and bone ends in the joints. Anti-inflammatory drugs may be very effective in reducing the pain caused by RA, but a long term of use can be very expensive and will result to side-effects.
The medicinal drugs for this illness are categorized on its specificity of effect and relief. NSAIDs for example, are the least potent treatment for RA. This drug may reduce the pain caused by the swelling but it contains no steroids or strong anti-inflammatory hormones.
Next to NSAIDs are DMARDS or disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs. This medication slows down the development of the RA in the affected areas. This drug is considered as more effective for RA, but again, they impose more side-effects in the long run.
The next drug is more powerful than the first two mentioned above. This is the corticosteroids or simply known as steroid drugs. This medication contains strong anti-inflammatory factors. This is separated from DMARDs as this drug can also be used in some aspects of arthritis related illnesses.
The next in line are the immunosuppressant drugs. This can be very effective in giving fast relief from the pain but it contains factors that can slow down and restrain the immune system, and can impose serious health hazards as its side-effects.
The most recently invented medication for RA modifies or blocks the destructive immune factors. This medication is known as TNF or Tumor-necrosis factor. All these drugs mentioned have potentially serious toxic side-effects to human body.