Prostate gland is a walnut sized organ found under the bladder in males. It surrounds the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the penis which is the urethra. The complication on this gland which results to cancer is one of the leading cancers that cause death in men in Canada and United States, just second to lung cancer.
With estimated cases of 230,000 prostate cancer patients every year alone, and 27,000 deaths from the disease each year, American Cancer Society categorized this type of cancer as second of the most widespread disease among men in the country. However, significant number of cases and death rate of this disease dropped due to information dissemination and doctor’s encouragement on men for detection, screening and improved treatment.
This article will talk about more of this kind of cancer to help individuals understand the disease fully and avoid the things that triggers this cancer.
The specific cause of the development of cancer cells in the prostate gland is still unknown; however there are many risk factors that can be linked directly to the development of the disease. Those who live in an inactive and bad lifestyle (excessive consumption of alcohol, smoking) bad diet (meals high in saturated fat), family history, old age and certain races (African American), are the most susceptible men for this kind of disease.
So what is prostate cancer?
It is a cancer in the prostate gland or also known as adenocarcinoma. Men over 70 years old are the common patients of this disease. This disease also hereditary and bad diet can trigger the development of the cancer cells in the gland.
Adult males are encouraged to take physical exams and consult their doctors on a regular basis to detect early symptoms of this illness. Early symptoms of this cancer is rare and hard to spot by regular individuals until it is widely spread throughout the organs near the prostate gland and other parts of the body.
Generally, the symptoms for this cancer are often confused with other health problems like urinary tract infection or UTI or back and upper leg pain. However, the most common symptoms of prostate cancer are pain and stiffness at the back. The pain and stiffness can also affect the thighs, pelvic areas and hips.
The complication of this disease can spread up to the urinary tract causing difficulties and pain in urinating and ejaculating.
Common symptoms for this kind of cancer are:
- Pain in lower back, hips, thighs and pelvis
- Frequent urination
- Burning feeling or pain when urinating
- Difficulty urinating, starting and holding urination
- Weak or Interrupted flow of urination
- Pain upon ejaculating
- Blood in the semen or in urine
Detecting prostate cancer can be very difficult, because they can be easily associated with other prostate related problems. That is why it is very important to take specific tests to see if there’s a development of cancer cells in the gland. Tests like PSA or Prostate-Specific Antigen and DRE or Digital Rectal Exam are usually advised for the patients with symptoms of the disease.