There’s no denying that pregnancy can be a stressful time for many women. There are just so many potential problems to worry about, and to make matters worse it seems like no one around you can wait to share their own horror stories with you, giving you even more to worry about!
Gestational diabetes is one of the most common diseases affecting pregnant women around the world, with all kinds of potential consequences if left untreated… If you are pregnant and wondering about gestational diabetes and your risks, you need to read this article.
Gestational Diabetes 101: Risk Factors
According to the American Diabetes Association, this type of diabetes affects up to 4% of the pregnant women in the United States each year. This makes it one of the most common health concerns for women. There are several risk factors that can make you more susceptible, including things like a relative with type 2 diabetes, smoking, and obesity.
If you are older than 25 or have experienced gestational diabetes in any of your previous pregnancies, you are also in the increased risk category. Although most of the women who experience gestational diabetes do not meet any of these criteria.
Gestational diabetes is believed to occur as a result of pregnancy hormones messing with the bodies own unique insulin regulating systems. There are a few dangers for babies; gestational diabetes often results in larger babes, which comes with its own set of problems. Babies will also be at an increased risk for low blood sugar, jaundice and breathing problems.
The American Diabetic Association recommends screening all pregnant women for gestational diabetes, as often there are no symptoms. In some cases; women may experience typical diabetic symptoms such as increased thirst, fatigue, nausea, and even blurred vision. Although often these symptoms are dismissed as normal pregnancy symptoms.
Gestational diabetes: treatment
Treatment usually consists of diet changes and increasing exercise, although in some cases diabetic drugs are used to regulate blood sugar levels. Some pregnant women will need insulin treatment for the duration of the pregnancy to control their blood sugar levels. Women are monitored closely to ensure that no complications arise.
Gestational diabetes usually resolves after pregnancy, although there is some evidence that mothers will be at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes after the baby is born. The chances of experiencing secondary complications as a result of the gestational diabetes increases with the severity of the symptoms.
For example, someone requiring insulin top treat their gestational diabetes is at higher risk of developing diabetes after the pregnancy is over.
If you suspect you might be at risk for gestational diabetes; you need to talk to your healthcare provider about being tested and monitored. The tests are simple and inexpensive and can make all the difference to your chances of having a happy healthy baby.
Gestational diabetes isn’t something to be overly concerned about, but it is worth educating yourself and ensuring that you and your baby are safe from the potential risks. Gestational diabetes in entirely treatable, and even if you are diagnosed with it you can give birth to a happy, healthy baby.