Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD is a chronic and persistent condition in which the liquid content of the stomach leaks back into the esophagus up to the throat.
This is an abnormal condition in which the gastric juices of the stomach which contains acid goes up and touches the lining of the esophagus causing burning sensation in the chest which is commonly known as heartburn. The burning sensation can also reach the throat which can be very excruciating.
This article will talk about more of this condition and its causes, helping you to understand this disease fully for proper medication and to avoid further health complications. Below is also the list of fast-relief treatments you can use once GERD attacks that you can acquire over the counter or through prescription.
The muscle along the lining of the stomach keeps the acid from back flowing to the esophagus. But for some reasons, the muscle sphincter fails to block the acid; either caused by inherited structure defect like weak esophageal muscles and allows the stomach acid and sometimes even bile, to flow up to the esophagus hurting the muscle lining along the way.
Occasional mild gastroesophageal reflux disease can be the cause of overeating, eating highly acidic and fatty foods, excessive drinking of alcohol, caffeine and carbonated beverages, pregnancy and obesity. GERD can be relieved with medication or surgery, but to fully avoid this disease, it is best to live a healthy lifestyle and consume a balance diet.
GERD can be cured through various treatments like taking antacids, proton pump inhibitors, gastric H2 receptor antagonist and promotility agent. For severe conditions, surgical treatments are advised.
Antacids are the most commonly used drug to relieve Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. The drug is usually taken every time the symptoms occur or before every meal. This drug can reduce the acidity content of the gastric juices by neutralizing the acid in the stomach. This is a traditional medication that can be acquired over the counter or through prescription.
Prolonged use of this kind of drug however, can lead into accumulation of magnesium in the body which can further damage the kidneys. Other uncomfortable side-effects of antacids are constipation and diarrhea.
Proton pump inhibitors on the other hand, reduce the body’s secretion of gastric acid. This medication is taken orally once a day. This is one of the fastest way to relive the pain caused by GERD. The downside for this however is, some people may have different reaction with the drug on their body, thus causing them abdominal pain, headache and even diarrhea.
Antihistamines like Gastric H2 Receptor Antagonist can easily reduce the concentration of acid in the stomach. Our body produces natural acid to help us digest food when we eat; this chemical compound is called histamine. The job of this kind of medication is to block and reduce the part of the stomach that secretes gastric acid.
This treatment is available in drugs stores through over the counter buying or prescription. However, this medication too impose uncomfortable side-effects like dizziness, headache, abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, and runny nose