Multiple Myeloma is a type of cancer that primarily affects the bone marrow in the bones of the body. This form of cancer can manifest physically through abnormal growth of plasma cells.
The abnormal production of such cells reduces the production of other cells along the affected area like red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets, causing major health risks and problems.
Aside from the reduced or even stopped cell production along the cell lines, abnormally produced plasma cells can cause erosion along the bone lines, leading to the weakening of the bones. Weak bones are susceptible to diseases and are quite fragile, making it easy to get fractured.
Myeloma’s complications are not exclusive in bone and bone marrow problems. The abnormally produced plasma cells will produce more of its type, replacing antibodies with protein called “m protein,” a type of protein that can damage the tissues and organs because of its deposition.
Because of the circulatory of the bone marrow all throughout the body, the abnormal plasma cells can be distributed throughout the body, causing further damage to organ in circulatory system like kidneys and heart.
Multiple myeloma on the other hand, is when plasma cells simultaneously appear in several areas of the body. Multiple myeloma happens when there is a high concentration of one kind of antibody in a person’s system forms a malignant tumor.
Multiple myeloma has more serious health complication than simple myeloma. Patients with this condition can be very susceptible to infections and diseases because of poor immune system. A person with this condition can easily get fatigued and stressed even when doing simple everyday routines.
Like myeloma, this condition also manifest in the circulatory system, leading further damage on the organs like the kidney, making internal bleeding tendencies. Because plasma cells multiplies drastically in a short period of time, it can get through the blood stream and make the blood increase its viscosity, making a poor blood circulation.
Myeloma, like most types of cancer, has no exact and permanent treatment yet. It can not be cured by any means. The only way to control the complications of such type of cancer is through remission. Remission is a medical process where the symptoms and risks of the disease is being slowed down, or temporarily reducing or erasing the major complications.
Abnormal levels of plasma cells, red blood cells and white blood cells may not show much of its symptoms in early stage. When it starts to show symptoms of the disease, the cancer may be in chronic stage. Thus it is very important to have your blood and urine sample evaluated at least once a year.
Medication for this disease can differ from patient to patient, severity of the condition and evaluation of the doctor and sometimes, patient’s choice. However, the standard treatment for most conditions of this disease is long term therapy and treatment session, which may cost a lot of money from your pocket. These treatments are chemotherapy, corticosteroids, radiotherapy and stem transplant.
Chemotherapy is the most common treatment for most type of cancer, but it can have harsh side-effects and can be life-threatening if the patient is weak and could not withstand the pain of the therapy.
Aside from these treatments, the patient should also watch him or herself and prevent infections and fractures.